The cardiac surgery is the surgery on the heart or the great vessels. This surgery is performed for correcting the congenital heart disease, for treating the complications of the ischemic heart diseases and treat the valvular heart diseases. It will help treating the valvular heart diseases which are caused due to atherosclerosis, rheumatic heart disease and the endocarditis. The cardiac surgery, also includes heart transplantation.
Why to choose India for Cardiac Surgery?
India is gaining popularity amongst the international patients who are looking to undergo the cardiac surgery at affordable rates. India cardiac surgery site ensures to provide quality medical treatment and care for people who are looking for cost effective treatments. The hospitals in India comprise of modern equipments and technology that are used for the cardiac surgery. Indian cardiac surgeons are experienced and highly skilled. The medical team will take care the patient throughout their medical tour to India.
Cardiac procedures and surgeries:
- Angioplasty: This procedure is also known as balloon angioplasty, percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and coronary artery balloon dilation. During angioplasty, a special tube with an attached deflated balloon will be threaded up to the coronary arteries. The inflated balloon will widen the blocked areas where the blood flow to the heart muscles has been reduced. This procedure is often combined with an implantation of a stent to support opening up the artery, thereby decrease the chance of another blockage. This procedure is considered as less invasive because the body is not cut open. The procedure will last for 30 minutes to several hours and the patient will need to stay overnight.
- Angioplasty Laser: This procedure is similar to the angioplasty except that the catheter has a laser tip to open the blocked artery. The pulsating laser beam will vaporize the plaque buildup.
- Heart Valve Replacement Surgery: This procedure is also known as the artificial valve replacement surgery in which the abnormal or the diseased heart valve is replaced with a healthy one.
- Cardiomyoplasty: In this procedure, the skeletal muscles are taken from a patient's abdomen or back and wrapped around an ailing heart. This extra muscle is supported by an ongoing stimulation with the help of a device which is similar to a pacemaker. This will ensure to boost the pumping motion of the heart.
- Atherectomy: This is also similar to angioplasty except that the catheter will have a rotating shaver on its tip to cut off the plaque from the artery.
- Bypass surgery: It is also known as Coronary Artery Bypass Graft and Open Heart Surgery (CABG) that treats the blocked heart arteries by creating new passages for blood flow to your heart muscles. During this surgery, the arteries and veins from other parts of your body called grafts are used to reroute the blood around the clogged artery. The patient will require to stay in hospital for several days.
- Minimally Invasive heart surgery: This surgery is an alternative to CABG and also known as limited access coronary artery surgery. During this surgery, small incisions are made in the chest, then the chest arteries from your legs are attached to the heart to bypass the clogged arteries. Your heart will be stopped and the blood is pumped through a heart-lung machine, your surgeon will view the operations on monitors. The patient will be required to stay for several days in the hospitals.
- Heart Transplant: This surgery is performed only when the heart is damaged irreversibly. During this procedure, the diseased heart is removed and replaced with a healthy human heart. The replaced hearts are used from the organ donations.
- Radiofrequency ablation: This is also known as catheter ablation in which a catheter with an electrode at its tip will be guided through the veins to the heart muscles. The catheter is placed exactly in the heart where the cells give off the electrical signals, thereby stimulates the abnormal heart rhythm. This is followed by a mild, painless radiofrequency energy is transmitted into the pathway which carefully destroys the selected heart muscle cells in a quite small area.
Reasons for Cardiac Surgery:
The reasons for cardiac surgery includes the following:
- To greatly increase the blood flow through the blocked artery.
- To boost your physical ability.
- To decrease the chest pain.
- To reduce your risk for a heart attack.
- It will help restore the function of the heart valve.
- It will help to remove the plaque in the artery, thereby reduce the risk of the stroke.
- Improves the supply of the blood and oxygen to the heart.
- Boosts the pumping motion of the heart.
- It will help in treating many types of rapid heartbeats.
What are complication of Cardiac Surgeries?
The complications associated with the cardiac surgeries and the cardiopulmonary bypass techniques are relatively lower. India offers the best cardiac surgery for the outpatients seeking cost-effective surgery and treatment for their medical conditions.
- Westaby, Stephen; Bosher, Cecil. Landmarks in Cardiac Surgery. ISBN 1-899066-54-3.
- Johnson SL (1970). History of Cardiac Surgery, 1896â€“1955. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. p. 5.