If you mentioned to someone you had spongiotic dermatitis, they might believe you have some serious and frightening disease. Spongiotic dermatitis is really a more serious type case of eczema. If you have had spongiotic dermatitis in your life, you will know it causes discomfort, it is red, it itches and it might even have blisters that ooze. Usually, the most common occurrence of this skin problem is on the chest, buttocks, and stomach, but it can spread to other parts of the body. It has been observed that this skin ailment affects more males than females. See how spongiotic dermatitis affects your skin and how it looks.
You might be asking the question – but how do you get such an awful skin ailment and how can I avoid it? Spongiotic dermatitis usually happens when you are exposed to certain allergens. These can be allergies to certain chemicals or soaps, from pollens, drugs or sea foods. Your treatment will depend on identifying what caused you to have this allergic skin condition and try to prevent coming into contact with it in future.
Some home remedies and anti-inflammatory creams will usually alleviate it. Because most people have different reactions to different substances, it does not mean that if one person is allergic to, for example, seafood then you will be too. Some people have skins that are extremely sensitive to certain soaps, or perfumes, foods, dust, insect bites, pollens, etc. whilst others won’t experience any flare up of spongiotic dermatitis. Even some diseases such as Parkinson’s disease or HIV/AIDS in people are often likely to develop spongiotic dermatitis even though it is not contagious.
What signs to look out for
Spongiotic dermatitis can suddenly flare up on your skin. You will notice lesions developing either on your buttocks, chest or stomach. You should notice a red rash with small blisters on the surface of the skin. You will probably have intense itching which you will want to scratch and this might break the blister. If you do this, you will notice fluid oozing out of the lesions which will later form a crust. The open lesion stands the risk of infection because where there is pus, pain, and fever, there is usually a bacterial infection. If the lesions get infected, you might find yourself ending up with permanent scars afterwards.
How to get treated
Fortunately, spongiotic dermatitis is not a dangerous condition. It is more of a discomfort because of the pain and the terrible itching. The treatment will come in the form of relieving the symptoms and to prevent it happening in future. Therefore, spongiotic dermatitis treatment will depend on the cause and symptoms. Your treating doctor might suggest medications and some home treatments so that symptoms are relieved. If you had eczema, your doctor might suggest things like:
- Corticosteroid creams to be applied to the irritated skin
- Vaseline, applied freely to the skin daily
- Adding bleach to your bath
- Including priobiotics in your meals
- Using an inhibitor cream like calcineurin to boost your immune system and repair your skin. If no other treatment appears to be working, get some calcineurin inhibitor cream. Drugs like this which include tacrolimus and pimecrolimus help to maintain normal skin and to control the uncontrollable itching. They also help with further flare ups of spongiotic dermatitis. Pimecrolimus and tacrolimus as mentioned above belong to a group of medicines called topical immunomodulators. These aren’t steroids, but both of them will reduce skin inflammation. They are used for controlling atopic eczema flare-ups. They are only really recommended or prescribed when other treatments are failing.
- Trying out relaxation techniques, because stress is known to make eczema worse
Your doctor might also suggest that a biopsy be carried out because this will help him in finding out more symptoms, especially if he is worried that there might be something more serious at the root of the cause, such cancer. The doctor might also suggest using light therapy or phototherapy. This can heal spongiotic dermatitis. It is a very effective treatment, exposing your skin to certain controlled amounts of natural sunlight or even artificial ultraviolet A or UVA and narrow band UVB. He might suggest this treatment in conjunction with the medication he has prescribed.
If you have spongiotic dermatitis, there are things you can do at home to try and prevent it happening again. For instance you can:
- Use only hypoallergenic cosmetics and soaps
- Use lotions that have menthol in them to relieve any itching and burning
- Keep your skin always hydrated with natural moisturizers and uses them always after bathing. A good idea is to take a 10-15 minute bath of warm water. Sprinkle with some baking soda, some uncooked oatmeal or colloidal oatmeal. This will help to keep your skin to retain moisture.
- Having a humidifier in your home will keep the air moist and your skin won’t dry out. This means you should try and avoid any extreme temperatures which can dry your skin out.
The outlook for spongiotic dermatitis
In most cases, spongiotic dermatitis remains a minor skin irritation. In most instances, it can be treated at home by using creams or home remedies. It is not contagious, so it won’t spread to your friends, family or colleagues. Yes, it can disrupt your life with its irritating itching and even interrupt your sleep. It might even spoil your social life because you feel self-conscious about your skin. If this does happen to you, speak to your doctor – he will certainly have an answer and a solution that will put you back on track again in no time!