A garden will not grow just to satisfy its owner’s ambitions or to meet the gardener’s expectations. They thrive because someone expended patient daily efforts on them. If you do not have enough space for your garden, but you are eager to surround yourself with greenery, an indoor garden is a perfect variant for you. It brings a little life and vitality to even the most elaborate but inanimate space design.
Starting point tips
For the most enthusiastic newbie who wants to relish the indoor blooming garden as soon as possible, the gardeners defined the following core points of growing plants:
- Lightning. Plants need an appropriate amount of light in order to photosynthesize and to have expanded leaves. During the winter months, plants do not receive enough light even near the window. Keep in mind that light must have the same wavelengths as the sun and that is why common light bulbs do not cope with this task. Put the light pretty close to the plants and keep an eye as the leaves can be burned. Most plants need about 14-16 hours of artificial or natural light.
- Space. Your indoor garden can take as much room as you can make for it. Select a room with a thermostat and large south-facing windows. Prepare tables for the seedlings and locate them against the walls away from the windows. If you have shelves, check whether sufficient light reaches every plant. Shelves provide lots of planting room and take up little space.
- Temperature. The most consistent temperature for most plants is 65-75°F. A uniform temperature has a tremendous impact on seed germination, fruit, and flowers growth. It means that the grow room temperature is at the same level in all areas.
- Humidity. The sufficient level of moisture in the air averts leaves drop and brown or curled tips on your plants. Raising the humidity level inside the gardening space is one of the core aspects to give flowering plants a chance to blossom. Check the humidity level on a regular basis with a hygrometer (relative humidity of 50-60 percent is ideal). The simplest way to mist plants is to place a tray of water filled with lava rocks near your garden and put plants close to each other to create a special microenvironment. An alternative way is to run a humidifier and have a controller.
- Watering. We all know that inadequate watering is the number one killer of indoor plants!
Here we can distinguish watering from the top and bottom watering (be careful as it is easy to overwater plants with it) methods to keep your plants healthy. It is recommended to use rainwater from a rain barrel (the best method), distilled or filtered tap water. In general, indoor plants need more water during the summer months than they do in the fall and winter. If your plant containers do not have drainage holes, be extra careful in order not to overwater them.
- Moving plants outside and inside. 10 days before you move your plants into the air, place them outside in a shady spot for 3-4 hours increasing this period by 1-2 hours each day. It will harden the plants off before outdoors life.
Most popular methods of indoor gardening
Planting with potting soil is the simplest way indoor gardening technique. Soil found outside is not the best variant as it is too heavy and is full of insect’s pests and weed seeds. Preference should be given to special mix for indoor gardening. A fertile growing media should drain in an appropriate way, stay loose and comprise enough organic substances to stall nutritive matter and moisture. The main drawback of using a soil growing medium is that it can cause a mess in your house (especially if you have pets).
Greenhouses range from simple cold frames to complex glass buildings with a temperature control system, sun heat system, electricity, heat, lightning, benches, and shelves. A greenhouse gives you a possibility to grow vegetables, fruit, and exotic plants a whole year starting to seed earlier and wintering over delicate plants.
- hydroponics. Growing plants without a soil becomes more and more popular. Hydroponics is a way of plants’ gardening in which soil is replaced by an artificial media such as shingle, clay pellets, or perlite. Nutrition is provided by a special solution of mineral salts placed around the roots.
- aeroponics. Aeroponics is a process of plant gardening in the air. The nutritive substances are held by a spray to the roots of the plants.
- aquaponics. This is an artificial ecosystem that comprises three types of living organisms: fish, plants, and bacteria. In simple terms, fish provide nutrition to plants and plants purify water. The plant roots absorb the nutrients and the medium filters out solid particles.
Once you choose the most suitable method of planting, it is high time to make a lovely design project even in your mind! Where and how would you like to place lush greenery pots? Here are several utmost indoor gardening ideas that allow decorating simple four walls and inserting the punch line:
- 1. Vintage motives (any old furniture from garment rack, clay pots, aged coasters, antique bar cart, empty cage, braided pottery, candleholders to an old-time typewriter).
- 2. Knitted pots and wicker bags
- 3. Succulent tray and bowls
- 4. Glass pots
- 5. Lace-like pots
- 6. Large rectangle box near the wall
- 7. On geometrical figures, minimalism
Vertical Wall Gardening
If you have any blank wall that needs beautifying, the vertical garden is the simplest decision. Also, it is possible to use clay or any other hanging pots.
- 1. Wood ladder
- 2. Wooden stands and boxes
- 3. Chain hanging pots
- 4. Leather hanging stripes
- 5. Wheel
- 6. Multiple colorful cans
- 7. Behind the glass
Undoubtedly, mini gardens present positive energy, freshness, aesthetics and life-affirming atmosphere to any living or rest space. Moreover, they can provide your family with organic and healthy vegetables. With the help of artificial lightning, soilless media and adequate watering, indoor gardening will bear fruit inevitably and bring joy to any member of your family.