Ventricular Septal Defect - Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment Methods in India

Ventricular septal defect is a hole in the wall that separates the right and left ventricles of the heart. Ventricular septal defect is one of the most common congenital (present from birth) heart defects. It may occur by itself or with other congenital diseases.



The disorder is since the birth. When a baby is out, development still takes place. Parts of heart, that are right and left ventricles are not separated. Slowly with growth, these walls form and separate these two ventricles. In some cases the growth is not complete due to incomplete formation of walls. A hole remains which is technically known as the ventricular septal defect.

This disorder cannot be detected very promptly as there are no such symptoms and the hole can eventually close after growth. When the hole is big and blood starts pumping out lungs and heart disorders is seen.

This is improper growth of organs. Other congenital disorders are also seen with this VSD. Complications are rare in adults as this is a childhood disorder.


There are many tests and exams which make early detection of birth defects on proper screening. And specific test give exact disorder and assist doctors to treat them.

Tests may include:

  • chest x-ray — looks to see if there is a large heart with fluid in the lungs
  • Cardiac catheterization (rarely needed, unless there are concerns of high blood pressure in the lungs)
  • CECG - gives signals that ventricle is enlarged.
  • MRI of the heart — used to test the amount of blood flooding into the lungs
  • Echocardiogram - exact diagnosis of the disorder is given by the test.


Numerous specialists suggest repairing a ventricular septal deformity analyzed amid childhood to avert intricacies as a grown-up. For grown-ups and youngsters, surgery includes stopping or fixing the unusual opening between the ventricles.

Specialists can do this through two routines:

    Heart catheterization: VSD Closure. A meager tube (catheter) is embedded into a vein in the crotch and guided to the heart. Through the catheter, a lattice fix or fitting is set up to close the opening. The heart tissue becomes around the cross section, for all time fixing the opening.
    Open-heart surgery: This kind of surgery is done under broad anesthesia and obliges the utilization of a heart-lung machine. Through an entry point in the midsection, specialists use patches or join to close the gap or hole in heart.

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