What Are ENT Specialists and What Do They Do?

Those of you not aware of ENT, this article is meant for clarifying the topic. ENT is a simple abbreviation of the terms: Ear, Nose, and Throat. The ENT doctors or Otolaryngologists, as they are called, are specialized in Otolaryngology. Now you might be asking what Otolaryngology is?

Otolaryngology is a medical specialty that deals with the disorders prevailing in the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) region and all the related areas, including that of the head and neck. Otolaryngologists diagnose, manage, and treat ENT disorders, including the problems in the sinuses, voice box (larynx), and other related parts.

What do ENT Specialists do?

Now, the question comes to mind ‘what do ENT specialists do?’ Well, to understand that, you will need to have a thorough understanding of this particular medical study. However, it is an extensive topic. To make things easier for you, we will provide an overview of the conditions that fall under an ENT specialist’s expertise. Here are the conditions that ENT specialists are experts in managing:

Ear Conditions:There are situations when you might be suffering from an ear disorder or a specific condition related to listening. Such problems include but are not limited to ear infections, hearing impairment, disorders affecting balance, etc. Tinnitus issues or ear pain are also common problems that ENT specialists treat. Often, ENT specialists also help in treating the congenital disorders of the ear. These are the conditions that a person is born with.

Nose conditions: Among the other situations that the ENT specialists treat are related to your nose. Often, people face several issues that affect their nasal cavity, nose, and sinus. Under such circumstances, people can feel problems related to smell and to breathe. Often, serious disorders might also affect the physical appearance of the affected area.

Throat conditions: Among the other health disorders that ENT specialists cure are concerned with your throat. In many cases, throat conditions might affect your ability to singing and speech. Some conditions might also restrict your ability to eat and swallow food, which in turn might affect your digestive system. An ENT specialist helps in diagnosing, managing, and treating these problems.

Head and neck conditions:ENT specialists are also equipped with skills to manage several diseases related to the head and neck. This includes trauma, tumors, and deformities of the neck, head, and face. ENT specialists perform cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries in these areas. They also help in assessing and managing problems related to the nerves inside your head and neck that are responsible for controlling your ability of sight, hearing, smelling, and facial movements.

Different fields of otolaryngology

The field of otolaryngology is a fairly vast one. Each of these fields requires ENT specialists to be specifically trained. Here are the several variations of ENT specialty:

  • Pediatric otolaryngology: ENT specialists that are focused in this particular field deal with ENT problems in children.
  • Neurotology/Otology/Audiology: As the names suggest, these specialists deal with disorders prevailing in ears, and tinnitus.

When should you consider seeing an ENT specialist?

There are certain conditions that must be treated immediately. However, most of the time, you might not understand whether to visit an ENt specialist. To make your decision-making process easier, we have listed the main problems that you might not ignore. Detecting any of these conditions mean that you should rush to your nearest ENT clinic.

  • Ear disorders
  • Hearing loss
  • Allergies
  • Infections
  • Injuries
  • Congenital or acquired abnormalities such as cleft lip, cleft palate, deviated septum, loss of smell, drooping eyelids, etc.
  • Swallowing disorders
  • Speech disorders
  • Benign (non-cancerous) growths
  • Malignant tumors of the sinuses, nose, mouth, throat, upper esophagus, larynx, thyroid gland and parathyroid
  • Several nerve disorders such as Bell’s palsy
  • Sleep disorders like sleep apnea, snoring, etc.

As you understand, it’s better to stay safe than to be late. We would recommend that you don’t waste your time whenever you encounter any of the symptoms that we have described above. By any chance, you shouldn’t wait for the worse to happen.ENT specialists are well-trained in detecting even the most hidden abnormalities in the ENT regions of your body. Shalby Hospital has a renowned team of qualified professions who have excelled in their ENT careers. You might want to pay them a visit any time you feel like it.

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