One of the simplest ways to move a whole lot of soil without much effort is with a used mini excavator. Many people prefer to buy these machines used, as they can be quite expensive when purchased brand new and they tend to last for many years without issue - a second hand model that is only a few years old is still going to be in optimal condition. Here is how to operate them:
1. Turn the excavator on. Keep in mind that many models actually have sensors in the seat that detect whether you are seated or not; they won't actually start until you are. The left armrest must also be in the raised position; pull on the lever beneath the left joystick.
2. Adjust the throttle. There should be a lever just in front of the ignition change that can be used to control the throttle. Push the lever forwards to give the throttle a boost and pull it back to lower it.
3. Move the excavator forwards and backwards. This can be achieved using the foot pedals. Each pedal controls one of the tracks. Depending on the orientation of the cab, pushing on the pedals will make the machine move either forwards or backwards.
4. Curl and uncurl the bucket using the joystick. Pull the joystick towards yourself to curl (or scoop) the bucket. Push the joystick away from you to uncurl (or dump) the load in the bucket.
5. Increase or reduce the principal boom using the joystick. The principal boom is the primary part of the "arm". In order to raise it, you will need to pull the appropriate joystick backwards. To lower the boom, you will need to push the joystick forwards.
6. Control the stick boom with the left joystick. This component is also known as the secondary boom and is between the principal boom and the bucket. Pull the left joystick back to bring the boom closer.
7. Spin the cab. Some used mini excavators also have the ability to spin, which is also controlled using the left joystick. To spin or move the bucket into the appropriate place, push the joystick in the desired direction - if you want to go left, for example, move the joystick left.
8. Pick to spin or move just the principal boom. In some machines, you can choose to spin either the whole cab or move only the booms. To make your selection, press the top button on the left joystick.
9. Raise and lower the blades. Some machines are also equipped with blades that can be used to push soil. On the armrest, at the rear of the joystick, there is a lever to control the blades. If you want to raise them, pull the lever back. If you want to lower them, push the lever forward.
We hope that the above instructions have given you a much better understanding of how to operate a used mini excavator. Whilst excavators aren't overly difficult to operate, it's important that you're aware of what all the controls do to ensure that you don't injure yourself or someone else. Don't hesitate to ask for assistance if you're unsure what to do.